As with all cancers, medical science has divided Mesothelioma into multiple stages based on the progress of the cancer. There are four stages of mesothelioma. When a patient is known to be in stage of mesothelioma it means that the cancer has not grown and the probability of a positive prognosis are very high. But the biggest issue with Stage 1 is that the symptoms are very common in nature or are shared with other diseases too, e.g. fever, sweating, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, etc. Some more serious symptoms include abdominal pain, chest pain, etc.
What stage 1 mesothelioma actually means?
A patient at stage 1 of mesothelioma has best possible prognosis. Research have shown that when detected in Stage 1, more than 35% patients can live upto 5 years. This percentage decreases significantly with Stage 2 and Stage 3.
The reason of hopeful prognosis at Stage 1 is because as this stage the cancer is localized (not spread to other parts of body) and the tumor is present at the site of origin.
Treatment of mesothelioma stage 1
As already indicated, the biggest advantage of detection of mesothelioma in early stage is that with aggressive cancer treatments it can be controlled, patient can get relief and life expectancy increases significantly. As with all cancers chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery etc.
Surgery is generally the initial step of the treatment process during which the doctors try to isolate and remove the tumor from the body. As surgery can never ensure 100% removal of cancer cells, a surgery is always followed up with chemotherapy and radiation therapy sessions. This ensures that the cancer cells are removed as much as possible.
These treatments play a very important part not only in ensuring that mesothelioma patient's life expectancy increase but also makes life more comfortable for them.
But a surgery cannot always be performed. Based on the condition of the tumor, its location, overall health situation of the patient the doctors sometimes decide not to perform a surgery and directly use chemotherapy and radiation therapy on the patient.
Prognosis for stage 1 mesothelioma patients
The prognosis of mesothelioma patients depends upon a lot of factors – overall health of the patient, age of patient, sex of patient, type of mesothelioma, cell type and stage of mesothelioma. While every factor has a part to play to decide what will be the prognosis of mesothelioma, but Stage of cancer is one of the most important critical.
Patients with Stage 1 diagnosis are known to have 5-6 times more life expectancy as compared to ones which are diagnosed at later stages.
The importance of early diagnosis of mesothelioma is clear. While it is difficult to do so, it is advised if you see any of the possible symptoms of mesothelioma, however common and you were exposed to asbestos in past – please visit a mesothelioma specialist doctor at the earliest.