The T-zone is the area from the forehead, down to the nose and chin. This area is prone to acne. Forehead acne is similar to acne that affects other areas of the face and torso. While forehead acne is prevalent mostly in teenagers and adults, babies can also get acne on the forehead. This type of acne is called neonatorum acne and it appears on the forehead, chin, neck, cheeks and chest of babies. It usually disappears in a few weeks.
Causes of Forehead Acne
Forehead acne is caused due to blockage of pores. This happens when the sebaceous glands that secrete sebum, go into overdrive and produce excess oil. The excess oil mixes with dead skin cells and dirt to block the hair follicles. This blockage manifests as eruptions on the surface of the skin as whiteheads, blackheads, pimples or pustules.
Another cause of forehead acne is when cosmetics like hair oils, cocoa butter or Vaseline are used to style hair. The excess oil that these cosmetics contain spread to the forehead and block pores. This causes comedones to form on the forehead. This is called pomade acne and is prevalent among those with tight curly hair who use these oils to style their hair.
Treatment for Forehead Acne
Allopathic Remedies : If your forehead acne is not very severe, lotions and creams that contain benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, resorcinol and topical retinoids can cure your outbreak. Vitamin A derivatives are very effective in unclogging pores and curing whiteheads and blackheads. Popular retinoids are adapalene, tretinoin and tazarotene.
You can use alpha hydroxyl acid, glycolic or lactic acid as an on-the-spot treatment for forehead acne. For more severe forehead acne, antibiotics like Tetracyclines may be prescribed.
Herbal remedies : Herbs and plants have anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, antiseptic and antifungal properties that can deal with various degrees of acne.
- Kali bromatum is a special herbal compound that deals with deep acne on the forehead .
- Tea tree oil can be applied to the skin to reduce inflammation and improve forehead acne symptoms. Tea tree oil is said to be as effective as benzoyl peroxide without the side effects.
- Guggul taken orally can be as effective in treating forehead acne as tetracycline. It should not be taken by pregnant women or those prone to certain types of cancers.
- Ayurvedic medications can be taken both orally or as topical medications. Turmeric, ginger, neem and black pepper are all effective in treating acne outbreaks. Acne lesions can be reduced by using Terminalia arjuna, Terminalia chebula, Hemidesmus indicus, and ashwagandha
- Honey masks have been used for generations to cure acne and acne scars. Here is a good honey mask recipe that can help with forehead acne.
Aloe vera honey mask combines the goodness of aloe vera and honey. Honey and aloe vera have anti-oxidant and anti-microbial properties. They can soothe, moisten and tone the skin. This mask is good for those with sensitive skin and whose acne is red, inflamed and itching.
- 1 tablespoon of aloe vera pulp
- 1 tablespoon honey
- Mix both together, leave for 10 minutes and then apply
- Apply this coat on the forehead and other acne prone areas
- Leave for around 15-30 minutes and wash off with warm water.
Homeopathy : If your forehead acne is pus filled and painful, then several homeopathic remedies can be used like belladonna, calendula, hepar sulfur and silicea.
Home Remedies : Forehead is a common place for acne to form. Hence, a few home remedies can prevent forehead acne. Wash hair frequently – especially if you have very oily hair. Use a mild shampoo that will not cause hair to dry out. Prevent hair from failing on the forehead by pulling it back into a ponytail. Avoid greasy hair mousse or gels. If you must use them, keep away from the forehead.
Wash your face at least twice a day with a gentle medicated soap – e.g. soap with salicylic acid that helps to slough off dead skin cells. Use a topical medication like benzoyl peroxide on forehead acne if it is mild. Use a gentle exfoliator twice a week to remove dead skin cells that clog pores. Exfoliation is a vital remedy for it can clear clogged pores and keep skin hydrated.
Precautions for forehead acne
Those who develop forehead acne because of using cosmetics on the hair (pomade acne) must stop using them if symptoms persist. If you feel you cannot do without pomades, then apply them an inch behind the hairline or apply the oils only to the ends of the hair to make it more manageable. Avoiding hairline can prevent forehead acne.
Topical retinoids cause skin irritations and photosensitivity. Pregnant and breastfeeding women must not use topical retinoids. Get rid of forehead acne with these simple remedies.