The common life cycle of hair is 2-3 years. Every hair grows nearly 1 centimeter each month in this duration. Nearly 90% of the entire hair on your head is growing at a specific time and rest 10% is at resting scalp is growing at any one time. About 10 percent of the hair on your scalp is in a resting stage. This cycle is reversed every 3 to 4 months. Some people witness excessive loss of hair which can be wearisome.
What is Male Baldness?
"Common baldness" generally is male-pattern baldness. It is often termed as Androgenetic Alopecia. This is the most common causes found in male baldness. This pattern of male baldness is generally inherited and the hair loss leads to a receding hair line and hair loss is witnessed on top of the sculp.
What is Female Baldness?
Women may also experience female-pattern baldness, in which the hair goes thin all over the scalp. Unlike male baldness, female baldness may generally begin at any stage before or after 50. It may not display any hereditary lineage, and if may not appear in traditional "female-pattern alopecia" type.
Types of Male and Female Baldness
All types of male-pattern hair loss increased with the growing age of the man. There are generally six types of male baldness.
- Types I and II male baldness is witnessed in men at the age of 18 to 40 years. Type I is slight recession of hair witnessed in the front hairline close to the temples.
- Type II is the next stage of Type I.
- The Type III pattern has become more common with growing age, in which male-pattern hair loss including fall of hair from the forehead (Types IV and V) becomes prominent.
- Type VII is most severe pattern of hair fall in male which is mostly experienced in 60+ of age.
Female-Pattern Hair Loss
Hamilton has classified female-pattern hair fall facilitating Norwood-Hamilton classification in which three pattern of female baldness has been accepted. The first is "Christmas tree" pattern of hair fall, with hairline being the "base" and the center as the "tip" of the "tree". Next is diffuse hair loss which includes thinning of hair to some extent in majority of premenopausal females.
Female-pattern hair fall is seldom reaches Type VI and VII severity of male hair fall. Type IV is progressed by 50 – 60 years of age in women which is occasional.
Causes of Baldness
There could be multiple causes of excessive hair loss. Illness, medication, stress, major surgery – all these may lead to sudden loss of great quantity of hair loss.
Post Pregnancy Effect : After a lapse of 3 month of delivery some women may experience hair loss. During pregnancy, increased levels of some hormones retain the hair that should otherwise fall out. When the level of hormones returns to normal level, the hair falls out and the common cycle of hair growth starts taking place.
Medicinal Effects : Some medicines are also responsible for hair loss, which catapults when you stop taking those drugs. Such medicines may include blood diluters, medicines for gout, heart problems, contraceptive pills, antidepressants and high blood pressure medicines and vitamin A supplements (if taken in excessive amount).
Infections : Certain infections may also result in hair loss. Fungal infections pertaining to the scalp could be a reason of hair loss specifically in children, which can be treated administrating antifungal medicines.
Diabetes : Hair loss may be experienced due to some underlying disease, like diabetes or lupus. Hair loss is considered as the early sign of disease hence it is necessary to detect the reasons to treat the illness.
Emotional Stress : Stress can lead to slowing down of growth of new hair due to great number of hair follicles going into the resting stage and no new hair growth is witnessed.
Depending on type of hair fall, treatments can be opted for. If may include substitute to some drug if a medicine is leading to hair loss and retaining hormonal balance.