Adult acne occurs after the age of 18 and mostly in women. Hence it is also called post-adolescent acne or female adult acne. It can continue to erupt in women well into their 30s and beyond. One area where adult acne occurs is the jawline. Lesions are also found on the chin and lower cheek. Jawline acne is usually mild to moderate with not so much scarring. Comedones are not so common. Instead, the eruptions are limited to inflammatory pustules, papules or tiny nodules.
Causes of jawline acne
Jawline acne is persistent and can appear in people who have not had acne eruptions during puberty or teenage years. Some causes of jawline and other types of late-onset acne are menopause, pregnancy and menstrual cycles.
Stress is also a major cause. Stress causes hormonal imbalance that can lead to the sebaceous glands producing excess oil that clogs pores on the jaw. Women between 25-55 years are especially susceptible to jawline acne.
If you are used to resting your chin on your palms, this could be a way to trigger jawline acne. How? Hands can contain oil from hair, dirt, bacteria from other sources, which can contaminate the skin along the jawline. Certain ingredients found in beauty products like foundations, sunscreens and moisturizers also cause acne eruptions.
Stopping birth control pills is another cause. Medications such as corticosteroids, anticonvulsants and drugs for sobriety can all cause adult acne that manifests on the jawline too. Adult acne maybe hereditary and almost 50% of adults who are affected will find that a parent or sibling has the same problem.
If you have a hair cut that rubs against the jawline, styling hair products and the natural oil produced by hair can cause jawline acne. When you exercise or play sports, excessive sweat pores from your scalp, runs down the face and gathers at the jawline for a few seconds before dripping down. Hair oils and toxins from the skin are deposited for brief moments on the jawline and this can cause acne outbreaks. Hence, use a headband to keep off sweat and shower after strenuous exercise to prevent acne eruptions on not only the jawline but also the face and other parts of the body.
If jawline acne is not treated, it can cause deep scarring. Jawline acne could also be a sign of more serious medical problems. When it combines with excessive facial hair, irregular periods and thinning hair, it could be a sign of polycystic ovary syndrome, hormone-secreting tumors or adrenal hyperplasia.
Treatment for Jawline Acne
Many effective treatments can control acne eruptions. The jawline is a difficult place to treat due to the proximity of the mouth.
Allopathic treatment : Topical formulations like retinoids, benzoyl peroxide and topical antibiotics are the first line of treatment. Topical retinoids must be used at night. Antibiotics can help by reducing inflammation and killing the P.acnes bacteria.
Oral medications like tetracycline, minocycline and doxycycline and Isotretinoin are prescribed for deep acne cysts. Isotretinoin is said to attack all the causes of acne outbreaks. While it is very effective, it also causes many serious side effects. All these medications must given by a qualified doctor.
Surgical procedures : There are many surgical procedures to treat acne like laser resurfacing, chemical peels, light therapies and dermabrasion. Their effectives to treat jawline acne will be determined by the doctor.
Supplements : Many foods and supplements can help control acne. Zinc, vitamin A, L-carnitine and niacinamide are some of those that are recommended.
Herbal remedies : These are considered a safe alternative to surgery and allopathic treatment. Tea tree oil is as effective as benzoyl peroxide without the side effects. Guggul and many ayurvedic medications can reduce acne lesions.
Homeopathic remedies : An experienced homeopath can assess your specific constitution and decide if any homeopathic treatment can help with jawline acne. Common remedies for acne use belladonna, calendula, hepar sulphur, silicea etc.
Natural remedies : Natural soaps that do not contain dyes, perfumes or strong chemicals are gentle on skin. These are available at health food stores. Moisten your jawline and apply the soap gently. Wash off and pat dry. Do not scrub the area very hard.
To remove dead skin cells, a scrub made out of oats can be used. Moisten a cup of oats until it is soft. Now wet your jawline and massage the oats along this area for a few minutes. Wash well with warm water. Use this scrub at least twice a week on your jawline. Calamine lotion is another soothing remedy for jawline acne. It dries and heals acne and soothes inflammation too. Shake the bottle well. Take a few drops of lotion on a cotton swab, dab on the acne spots and let it dry. This can be rinsed off after an hour and repeated 5 times a day to provide relief for jawline acne.
Grated cucumber, peeled orange mixed with water, fresh garlic clove can all be rubbed on specific acne eruptions to provide relief.
Precautions regarding Jawline acne
Use only non-comedogenic skin care and beauty products to reduce the risk of contracting jawline acne. Avoid astringents, facial masks and scrubs that can aggravate this condition and worsen flare-ups. Do not pinch or squeeze the acne for it can get infected and result in permanent scars.
Consume at least a liter of water a day to hydrate skin. Follow all precautions and prevent jawline acne.