Sesame seeds are flat, small oval shaped seeds that are available in different shades, based on variety like black, yellow, white and red. Health benefits of sesame seeds are popular for its oil, which is resistant to repugnancy. Sesame seeds are also known as Sesamun indicum-its scientific identification. These are found all through the year. It can be accepted that sesame seeds are oldest known condiment to human kind.
This soft and sweet, savory taste of sage coupled with its miraculous health-promoting characteristics is considered to be one of the most valuable and health-encouraging herbs. Sage can be consumed fresh in the form of leaves or it can also be eaten in dried or in powdered form. This medical herb is found all through the year.
It has earned a name in the category of medicinal herbs and its scientific term – Salvia officinalis manifests its panacea like properties, which suggests that it is meant to save lives if the scientific name of sage is understood in local parlance.
Also known as folic acid or folate, vitamin B9 is part of the group of 8 B vitamins. This B complex vitamin is needed for many body functions like converting carbohydrates to glucose the fuel needed for energy. It is a water-soluble vitamin and can be got from a good diet or from supplements.
Boron is an essential trace mineral that is used for treating a variety of health conditions. It is found both in the environment, in food and it can also be taken as a supplement. Boron also has preservative properties and it was used to preserve food especially during the two World Wars. Boric acid is used externally to treat vaginal yeast infections and as astringent for the skin or as an eye wash. There is no RDA – Recommended Daily Allowance for boron. Consumption depends on individual diets. The tolerable higher limit for adults, breastfeeding and pregnant women is 20mg/day.
Beta-carotene is a carotenoid that is the dark-colored pigment found in certain plants . Beta-carotene, along with other carotenoids is converted to vitamin A (retinol) and these give human beings approximately 50% of all requirements of this essential vitamin . The term beta-carotene is Latin for carrot. It is recommended that for general health, adults take 15-50mg of beta-carotene. For children, a healthy diet will ensure enough intake of beta-carotene .
The scientific name of olive is olea europaea. The fruit is available throughout the year, though it is harvested in the month of September. Usually the fruit has a bitter flavor and thus, it needs to be processed before consumption. Black olives are fully ripe whereas the greener ones are unripe. There are different varieties of olives available; the most popular ones being manzanilla, kalamata, picholine, ponentine, liguria, lugano, gaeta, sevillano besides the many others.
It has been proved in various studies that there are many healthy nutrients found in olives and thus there are several olives health benefits. There are anti-inflammatory and different antioxidants present alog with minerals and vitamins. A phytonutrient, hydroxytyrosol present in olives is said to have properties which protects the bones and also prevents cancer. Olives are also rich in iron, copper and fiber present in them making them beneficial.
Grapefruit is a subtropical fruit that belongs to citrus family and has a sour and bitter flavor with lots of health benefits. The scientific name of grapefruit is Citrus paradisi. The varieties in grapefruit include Duncan, Marsh, Red Blush, Flame, Melo Gold and a lot more. Grapefruit is usually available throughout the year, but the best variety is available from winters to early spring. They are found in white and pink varieties and are available with seed and without them too.
The fruit is contains a unique combination of other nutrients such as Vitamin C, potassium, calcium and phosphorous, thus making this fruit extremely healthy. The fruit has low calorie and high fiber content that make it a good choice for getting good nutrition without many calories.
Cardamom is a collection of plants under the Elettaria and amomum genera and belong to the family of Zingiberaceae. It is primarily found in Bhutan, Nepal and India. One can recognize them from their papery outer cover as well as a triangular cross section with spindle shape. The amomum are larger in size and dark in their shade whereas the Elettaria are smaller and light green in color. It is counted as a spice and is the third most expensive one after saffron and vanilla. Apart from that cardamom health benefits are of great importance to the human race.
The spice is sometimes referred to as the queen of spices and is popularly known as elaichi in India. They belong to the same family as clove and ginger and are usually handpicked. The warmth in the spice adds up the flavors to the food in which it is used. The cardamom health benefits are something that interests people more .
Delicious and sweet with musky flavor and soft butter-like pulp, papaya is called the "fruit of the angels" as per Christopher Columbus. The scientific name of papaya is Carica Papaya – Caricaceae. Papayas are pear shaped or spherical fruit and it could be up to 20 inches long. The fruit and the other part of the papaya tree are rich in papain, which is an enzyme and it helps in digesting proteins. This enzyme is best in its nutritional values when the fruit is unripe.
Lemons, scientifically called Citrus limon, are considered to be the most common fruit that were originally seen and grown as a cross bread between the citron and lime. It was initially found in China or India in about 2,500 years ago.
Lemons are yellow in color and oval shaped with texturized outer shell. Similar to other citrus fruits, the inner part is divided into segments, with eight or ten segments in an average lemon. The two most popular lemons are the Lisbon and Eureka.