Aloe vera is basically a tropical plant and like most tropical plants, sun is one of the important requirements of Aloe vera plant. Growing aloe vera at home is easy as it does not require very specialized conditions nor extensive care. One can get small aloe vera plant from a nursery or can plant the rhizomes (root suckers) of existing plant. In case you are planting a rhizome, just make sure it should have atleast a few nodes. If this is your first aloe vera plant, its advisable you get a plant directly as cultivating through a rhizome is slightly difficult.
Cultivating aloe vera plant at home
Soil: A reasonably sandy soil is ideal for aloe vera plant. The right mixture of the potting soil would contain – sand, grit, rough sand, granite stone etc. One should ensure that the soil is well drained as aloe vera plant's roots are shallow and stagnation of water could harm the plant.
Temperature: Aloe vera is a tropical plant and ideal temperature for its growth is 70-80 degree Fahrenheit. But it even observed to survive at temperatures as low as 40 degrees. In case of harsh winters keep the plant indoors preferable in a glass house to provide optimal temperatures. Make sure you do not put it in very moist conditions.
Watering: do not water the plant too frequently, this is important. The plant should be completely dried before watering. The reason for this is aloe vera leaves themselves have lot of water in them.
Sunlight: Sunlight is very important for proper growth for aloe vera plant. Expose the plan to mild sunlight. Avoid putting it under direct harsh sunlight.
Fertilizer: Aloe vera does not require any special fertilizers, infact its fertilizer requirements are very low. One can use mild fertilizers during summers. Avoid putting fertilizers in winters as the plant remains dormant in this season and thus fertilizers will be of no use.
Ideal pot size: As aloe vera plant grows, you might be required to change the pot and plant it in a bigger one. This is will ensure its continuous growth. Aloe plant generally is a slow grower and thus re-potting requirements are not frequent.
Checking for diseases and issues: Check for warning signs such as fungus, rot and infections in the plant. In most cases aloe vera remains healthy but it advisable to careful. You can use mild organic pesticides in case required.
Aloe vera is a great plant to have at home primarily because you can use it for developing your wn homemade aloe vera products based on requirements. So go ahead and get your aloe vera plant today!