Medical condition that develops due to swelling of tonsils, ball shaped lymphatic tissues present at the back of the throat on either side of the neck is termed as tonsillitis. It is a contagious disease that generally develops due to bacterial or viral infections. In an attempt to fight the infection tonsils produce more number of white blood cells that fight against microorganisms. Tonsillitis is commonly observed in toddlers and in mid teenage children that are frequently exposed to bacteria and viruses especially from peers suffering with infections. Tonsillitis is not generally observed after puberty as tonsils cease to act as first line of defense against bacteria entering the body through mouth.
Types of tonsillitis
- Acute tonsillitis: Infection of tonsils caused by virus or bacteria.
- Chronic tonsillitis: Recurring and persistent infection of tonsils that can result in formation of tonsil stones.