Symptoms of Lip Cancer

The oral cavity consists of the lips, mouth, tongue and tonsils.  Cancer of the lip or oral cancer is a disease where malignant cells appear on the tissues of the mouth or lip. Although there are many different cells in the lips and oral cavity, those that usually get infected are the squamous cells. 

Cancer of the lip looks like open sores on the mouth. Oral or lip cancers cause at least 8000 deaths a year in the US alone and usually affect people beyond 50 years (especially men). Tobacco and alcohol use are the two highest causes for lip cancer. Tobacco use here refers to all forms – cigarettes (more than 2 packs daily), pipes, cigars, dipping snuff, and chewing tobacco. Hereditary factors could also be a cause but not clearly understood.

Chronic alcoholics (> 6 drinks per day) are also at risk of contracting lip cancer. A combination of both alcohol and smoking is more likely to cause lip cancer than just one or the other. Other risk factors include using a mouthwash with high concentrations of alcohol, those who have already had lip cancer, HPV virus, irritation from broken teeth, sharp fillings, dentures and untreated syphilis  and exposure to the sun or artificial tanning lights for long periods. 

Read more

Symptoms of Endometrial Cancer

The endometrium is a lining of the uterus and when cancerous cells develop in this region, women suffer from endometrial cancer. This must be distinguished from cancer of the uterine muscles that is called cancer of the uterus. The most common form of endometrial cancer is adenocarcinoma that affects the glands of the endometrium. In the US, according to the American Cancer Society, around 7780 women die from endometrial cancer each year.

Endometrial cancer affects postmenopausal women between the ages of 50-65. Risk factors include obesity, diabetes, hypertension, pelvic radiation therapy done for other medical problems, family history of ovarian or breast cancer, endometrial cancer among 1st degree relatives or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer.

Read more

Symptoms of Appendicitis

Appendix is a small thin appendage that grows from the caecum – (found in the large intestine). The appendix in humans is located on the abdomen’s lower right side. While the appendix performs digestive functions in other animal species, its role in the human body is unclear. However, appendicitis that refers to an inflammation of the appendix is a serious medical condition that requires prompt medical attention.

Appendicitis is caused when faecal matter or food gets stuck in the appendix’s narrow tube. This blockage leads to bacterial infections. If left unattended, appendicitis causes a rupture of the appendix, leading to the infected matter spreading throughout the abdominal cavity lining and is life-threatening. There is no age for anyone to get struck by appendicitis although it more commonly those below 30 years. 

Read more

Symptoms of Diverticulitis

Older people can develop small bulging sacs or pouches in the lining of the colon or large intestine. These pouches are called diverticula and the condition is called diverticulosis. When these sacs get infected or inflamed, a painful medical condition called diverticulitis is caused.   Small bits of feces getting trapped in the pouches that result in a build up of bacteria that causes infections and inflammation of the pouches.  Low-fiber diets can cause diverticulosis and diverticulitis.

Read more

Symptoms of Encephalitis

Encephalitis is inflammatory disease of the membranes that surround the brain and is caused by bacterial or viral infections. This rare condition mostly affects the very young or elderly people. Seasonal viral infections are the leading cause of encephalitis. These viruses occur in clusters in different locations.

The herpes simplex virus is the main cause of severe encephalitis in people of all ages. Other viruses that cause this disease include measles, polio, mumps, rabies, chickenpox and rubella. The Adenovirus, coxsackievirus, West Nile virus, cytomegalovirus, echovirus and Eastern Equine encephalitis virus also cause encephalitis.

Read more

Symptoms of Gallstones

Under the human liver, there is a tiny sac called the gallbladder. The gallbladder stores bile that the liver manufactures. The small intestine requires bile to digest fats. Bile moves to the small intestine from the gallbladder via the common bile duct and the cystic duct. Gallstones are tiny stones found in bile. They are made either from cholesterol and other waste matter, or, when the gallbladder does not function properly and empty efficiently. Gallstones can be as big as golf balls or as infinitesimal as grains of sand.

Read more

Symptoms of HIV in Women

Caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, HIV is a condition that slowly destroys the immune system. Those infected by HIV are prone to numerous infections since the body is unable to fight them. HIV can be contracted through unprotected sex – vaginal, oral and anal -, through blood transfusions, infected needle sharing by drug addicts, and from pregnant women to their fetus through shared blood circulation or when nursing a baby after birth.

Read more

Hyperglycemia Symptoms

 Medical condition characterized by presence of high blood sugar levels is termed as Hyperglycemia. It develops due to reduced glucose metabolism i.e. elimination of glucose derived from foods from the blood stream. Patient with consistent glucose level range between 100 and 126 is considered hyperglycemic, while above 126 mg/dl or 7 mmol/l is generally held to have Diabetes.
Poor or impaired glucose metabolism can be either due to lowered secretion of hormone insulin responsible for glucose metabolism or due to ineffectiveness of the secreted insulin. Other reasons for development of hyperglycemia include stress, infection, strenuous physical activity and illness.

Diabetes can also cause hyperglycemia. If one has type 2 diabetes, the reason for hyperglycemia may be lack of insulin. In case of type 2 diabetics, while the insulin may be present it is not proving to be effective.

Read more

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms

When people who have been drinking heavily for months or years and suddenly quit or reduce their consumption can experience dangerous or even life-threatening alcohol withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms can commence as quick as within 2 hours of cessation of drinking and continue for weeks. What starts as mild forms of anxiety can worsen and require immediate medical attention. Dangerous life-threatening symptoms can affect 1-5% of alcoholics.

Read more

Kidney Infection Symptoms

 Upper urinary tract infection involving either one or both kidneys is termed as kidney infection or pyelonephritis. Kidney infection belongs to the family of infections of the urinary system called urinary tract infections (UTIs). It is more commonly observed in women but also seen in men and children. Depending on the onset of symptoms kidney infections are categorized as acute and chronic infections. Infections that develop immediately are termed as acute infections and those that develop gradually and keep recurring are termed as chronic kidney infections.

Read more