Solar cell is an innovative solar technology which can enhance the scope of using solar technologies. Monocrystalline solar cells are solar cells which are made up a crystal formed by thin wafers whereas polycrystalline cells are made up by melting the silicon material and then further pouring of the melt.
Solar cells have various advantages and are used widely for electricity generation purposes. Monocrystalline cells can be considered as the standard that has been developed in the industry. They are up-coming and provide substantial benefits over polycrystalline solar cells.
Making of Monocrystalline cells
There is not much difference in the making of different kinds of solar cells. Therefore the making of Monocrystalline is similar to the ones of the other types of solar cells.
The major difference lies in the fact that the whole solar cell is made on a single silicon crystal and is therefore much more efficient and cheaper than the polycrystalline crystals. The plants of Monocrystalline solar cells take about a couple of years to be fully operational. They also require a substantial initial investment.
Monocrystalline solar cells once constructed are darker in color and have no cutting edges. Monocrystalline are also more uniform in color as compared to polycrystalline cells which have patches of dark shades and light shades.
Advantages of Monocrystalline cells
Monocrystalline cell has a major benefit of having higher efficiency and wider applications than the polycrystalline cells. This is majorly due to the difference in composition and making of the two. Some of the major applications of the Monocrystalline Solar cells are-
- Efficiency – Monocrystalline cells provide a major efficiency benefits over the polycrystalline ones. They convert the maximum amount of solar energy as compared to any other type of solar cells. On an average an efficiency of around 20% can be expected from the Monocrystalline cells. The amount of solar energy converted from what is absorbed increase by a good margin through the Monocrystalline solar cells.
- Roof Space – Solar panel systems are generally mounted on the rooftops where they can harness maximum amount of solar energy. Monocrystalline cells take comparatively lower space as compared to other types of the solar cells. Also for the same amount of power generation, lesser number of solar panels is needed in the case of Monocrystalline cells. Therefore there is a substantial reduction in the roof-space required.
- Durable – The solar cells are in general much more durable than their electric counterparts. Of them, the Monocrystalline cells have a superior durability as compared to the Polycrystalline. However the durability also depends on the solar panels implementations and other external factors.
- Environmental Impact – Solar energy is an exciting as well as providential energy source. Monocrystalline solar cells provide the best alternative in converting to solar energy forms. Therefore they are having a massive potential to impact the environment conservation.
- Lower Installation Costs – Monocrystalline solar cells costs only around 60% of the conventional solar cells. There is a substantial reduction in the total costs of the system due to this as well.
With the rapidly increasing need of electricity, the low installation costs of the Monocrystalline solar cells provide an extra perk which when added to the efficiency and the durability of the system.
Monocrystalline solar cells provide a promising alternative to the already existing and being used technologies. Not only are they efficient and easy to use, but also they are durable and cost effective. Solar cells of Monocrystalline type also take up lesser space and are thus have higher density.
Therefore Monocrystalline Solar cells should be used on a larger base so that optimum benefits can be reaped. They are fast developing as the industry standard. In terms of cost as well as the performance, Monocrystalline cells are superior and are generally found to be relatively better.